Loose equality uses the double equal sign (==) to compare values, while strict equality uses the triple equal sign (===). The difference between them lies in how they treat data types.
Let's consider the following examples:
In the above example, the loose equality operator checks if the value of 5 is equal to the string "5." It performs type coercion, which means it converts one value to another data type to compare them. As a result, the comparison returns true.
On the other hand, the strict equality operator checks both the value and the data type of the two operands. Since 5 is a number, and "5" is a string, the comparison returns false.
Another example to consider is:
Here, the loose equality operator converts the Boolean value true to the number 1 and then compares it to the number 1. The comparison returns true. In contrast, the strict equality operator checks that the data type and value of true and 1 are different and returns false.
It's crucial to understand the difference between these two types of equality to write efficient code that performs accurately. When in doubt, it's always better to use the strict equality operator to avoid any unexpected results.